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Single Idea 19927

[catalogued under 25. Society / B. The State / 8. Religion in Society]

Full Idea

No one would be obliged by law if he considered it against his faith, and everyone could claim licence to do anything. Since the law of the state would then be wholly violated, it follows that the right of deciding about religion belongs to the sovereign.

Gist of Idea

State and religious law can clash, so the state must make decisions about religion

Source

Baruch de Spinoza (Tractatus Theologico-Politicus [1670], 16.21)

A Reaction

This is an era when British puritans emigrate to America, because the state is not sufficiently tolerant. The needs of sovereignty and of religion can be very far apart. You can see those with great religious devotion not liking this idea.

Book Reference

Spinoza,Benedict de: 'Theological-Political Treatise', ed/tr. Israel,Jonathan [CUP 2007], p.206