[In the first Hebrew state] religious dogmas were not doctrines but rather laws and decrees, piety being regarded as justice and impiety as crime. Anyone who defected from this religion ceased to be a citizen.
Gist of Idea
If religion is law, the piety is justice, impiety is crime, and non-believers must leave
Baruch de Spinoza (Tractatus Theologico-Politicus , 17.08)
Presumably speeding offences count as impiety, and failing to pray is a crime. A critical question will be how far religious doubts must extend before one actually has to leave. Mere doctrinal differences, or full atheism?
Spinoza,Benedict de: 'Theological-Political Treatise', ed/tr. Israel,Jonathan [CUP 2007], p.213
Idea 19932 The early Hebrews, following Moses, gave up their rights to God alone [Spinoza]