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Single Idea 21145

[catalogued under 27. Natural Reality / B. Modern Physics / 4. Standard Model / b. Standard model]

Full Idea

There are four fundamental forces: gravity, electromagnetism, and the weak and strong nuclear forces. Particle physics has so far failed to encompass the force of gravity. The forces that shape our world are themselves the effect of particles.

Gist of Idea

The four fundamental forces (gravity, electromagnetism, weak and strong) are the effects of particles


New Scientist writers (Why the Universe Exists [2017], 02)

A Reaction

Philosophers must take note of the fact that forces are the effects of particles. Common sense pictures forces imposed on particles, like throwing a tennis ball, but the particles are actually the sources of force. The gravitino is speculative.

Book Reference

New Scientist writers: 'Why the Universe Exists' [John Murray 2017], p.23